Political Science I is specially designed for students pursuing the three-year or five-year LL.B. course in different legal educational universities or institutes and for students pursuing political science as a B.A. subject. It also caters to students pursuing the one-year LL.M. course from various universities or institutes. It will also be an interesting reference for students of other disciplines interested in understanding the various facets of politics and the role it plays in our day to day public affairs. Beginning with the conceptual understanding of the term politics, the text discusses the various approaches to political analysis, namely, traditional and modern, the various theories of the origin of the state, the elements of the state. It then goes on to discuss the issue of human rights, liberty, equality, and justice, and tries to analyze the conceptual understanding in a complexly integrated globalized world of modern times where it becomes pertinent, more importantly than before, to understand the functioning of decision-making process and its impact in our daily life.